Geoland-2 goal was to constitute a major step forward in the implementation of the GMES Land Monitoring Core Service (LMCS). The three components (Local, Continental and Global) of the LMCS are addressed.
The goal of Geoland-2 was (i) to prepare, validate and demonstrate pre-operational service chains and products that would underpin the LMCS, and (ii) to propose and demonstrate a concrete functional organisation of the LMCS.
The services developed by the project built on two layers. A first layer consisted of CORE mapping services which provide land cover / land use data (EUROLAND), a range of bio-physical parameters (BioPar) as well as annual / seasonal change monitoring (SatChMo). These services served as an input to a second layer which consisted of information services addressing a wide variety of thematic fields of application, like water monitoring, forest monitoring, spatial planning (including urban planning), agri-environmental monitoring, carbon cycle monitoring, natural resource monitoring or global crop monitoring.
The expected Geoland-2 deliverables were : (i) the organisation of a production network, (ii) the building of operational processing lines, (iii), the demonstration of services and products, (iv), the set up of a land user platform.
The project ended in December 2012, while the GMES Initial Operations started at the end of 2011.
The GMES initial operations, which spread over the period 2011 – 2013, are a transition from the GMES build up phase, to the full exploitation of GMES.
The GMES initial operations of the land monitoring service (or ‘GIO land’) focus on the priority for multi-purpose information common to a large community of users (i.e. land cover/land cover change at various scales and periodicity; biophysical variables for dynamic land monitoring; and improved access to reference data). Four components have been identified, three of which are coordinated by EEA (the pan-European and local components, and the in-situ component):